lördag 28 september 2013

”Homosexuality does not exist.”

Here's an article I've been writing for school and I thought that in a world of words (en värld av ord) this would fit in quite perfectly.

Since the start of Stockholm Pride in 1998, the festival has grown enourmusly. This summer, in 2013, 55,000 to 60,000 people participated in the parade and 600,000 followed at the streets. Stockholm Pride is an annual recurrin festival in Stockholm that is directed to the LGBT-movement or people who sympathize, like the culture and stand up for the human right to love whoever you want to love.

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender and it is a current political movement for human rights. There has always been current, in some point of views. Already before our era this was brought up. It was the poet and teacher Sappho, who lived on the island of Lesbos, who died year 590 before our era. She wrote a lot about love between women. Hence the term lesbian love.

In Sweden homosexuality was regarded as something illegal until 1944, then homosexuality instead became regarded as a mental illness and it remained as a disease until 1979. Today in Iran homosexuals encourage to change sex. In this way, the regime argue that homosexuality does not exist. Former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad made ​​that clear when he visited Columbia University 2007 - homosexuality is found only in the West and does not exist in Iran. Today, Iran performes more sex change operations than any other country in the world, (with the exception of Thailand). This was published by DN in August 2013.

The classification of homosexuality still sees as a mental disorder by many people around the world and people who have been open with their sexuality (that will say, outside the heterosexual norm) have been forced to fight for their human rights.

In 1949, a physician in the U.S., named Harry Benjamin, started treating transsexual patients with hormone therapy. After trying lobotomy and electroshock he eventually realized that the only help for these patients was a surgical sex change, combined with hormone therapy.

A year later, in the late of October, in Stockholm, RFSL was formed and the target group was homosexuals. In 1953 they required equal marriage. In 1973 RFSL had about 1,000 members and the parliament declared that homosexual cohabitation "is from the society point of view perfectly acceptable form of cohabitation”. RFSL stands for ”Riksförbundet för homosexuellas, bisexuellas och transpersoners rättigheter” which in English means ”National Association for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Rights”. Year 2009 gender-neutral marriage was introduced and today RFSL has över 6,000 members. To see same-sex couples holding hands open is not unusual in Stockholm nowadays, but as you see this has not gone without fighting.

”The issue of equal treatment of homosexuals is something that connects Sweden and the U.S.”, said Barack Obama when he was in Stockholm this month. Even so same-sex marriage is illegal in over twenty states in the U.S…

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